Physical Inactivity and Its Relationship to Chronic Disease

” individuals who maintain their cardiovascular fitness levels across their life span are two to four times less likely to develop heart disease, or die prematurely from it (Reimers et al., 2012).”

The global impact of chronic disease is staggering, from both an economic and a human standpoint. Chronic diseases including heart disease, cancer, and diabetes are the leading causes of death and disability in the United States as well as in many locations across the globe. Besides loss of life and quality of life through disability associated with chronic disease, the annual healthcare costs in the United States alone are more than $3 trillion and growing. Furthermore, 90% of the nation’s healthcare expenditures are applied toward treating individuals with chronic and mental health conditions (Misselbrook, 2014).

Chronic diseases are the leading cause of death worldwide with increasing prevalence in all age groups, genders, and ethnicities. Most chronic disease deaths occur in middle-to low-income countries but are also a significant health problem in developed nations. Multiple chronic diseases now affect children and adolescents as well as adults. Being physically inactive is associated with increased chronic disease risk

Physical Inactivity: The Biggest Public Health Problem of the 21st Century

Chronic diseases are among the most prevalent and costly health conditions in the United States (Raghupathi & Raghupathi, 2018) and globally as well. In a study conducted by Harvard University in partnership with the World Economic Forum, it was estimated that chronic disease will be responsible for a global economic loss of roughly $47 trillion by the year 2030 (Bloom et al., 2011). The global impact is staggering, and individuals at all levels of society are impacted by the growing prevalence of chronic diseases and associated risk factors.